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WWilliam Graham's War Between the States

William's War Path Map

William Graham was a volunteer with the 107th New York Regiment organized in Elmira, New York. His war experience began with the regiment's first assignment at Camp Seward on Arlington Heights across the Potomac River from Washington, DC.

The map below presents the American Civil War as experienced by a single soldier, my great grandfather William Graham. Clicking on the map will bring you to a separate view of the map. Clicking again will enable the viewer to zoom in to a larger map image.

The map graphically demonstrates four aspects of William's experience:

  1. Places where William wrote letters during the war while serving in the Army of the Potomac and Army of the Cumberland;
  2. Other places he stayed or visited according to those letters;
  3. Battles fought by the regiment, according to historic sources, while William was with the regiment (two battles fought while he was hospitalized at St. Paul's Hospital and Fort Schuyler - Chancellorsville and Gettysburg - are not included on the map) and;
  4. The pathway William traveled based on the foregoing information.

After leaving Camp Seward, William marched with his regiment to Maryland where he participated in the Battle of Antietam. Following the battle, the regiment participated in picket duty along the Potomac near Harper's Ferry.

View from the Union (northern) side of the Rappahannock River toward Confederate controlled Fredericksburg

It was then that William became quite ill and was transferred to a hospital. Disease struck the regiment hard during this period, a total of 30 men of the regiment dying by November. He was hospitalized from December 1862 until August 1863. Most of that time he convalesced at Fort Schuyer in the Bronx, New York City.

William rejoined the regiment in August 1863 when it was on duty along a defensive line at the Rappahannock River in Virginia. In September, the regiment left by train for a multistate trip which ended in Tennessee. There they were assigned to guard duty for seven months along the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad.

Raising the colors of the 107th NY at Mil- ledgeville, GA, during the March to the Sea

This relatively uneventful period ended in May 1864 with the start of the Atlanta Campaign under General William Tecumseh Sherman. The campaign culminated with the fall of Atlanta in the beginning of September 1864.

Following victory at Atlanta, the regiment joined Sherman's March to the Sea which ended with the fall of Savannah. Then began the Campaign of the Carolinas whose climax was Confederate General Joseph Johnson's surrender at Bennett House outside of Raleigh, North Carolina.

Johnson's surrender effectively ended the war. Bennett House was thus the last stop on William's "warpath".

Following the surrender, the regiment marched to Washington, DC where they participated in the Grand Review at the end of May.

The 107th Regiment was mustered out in Washington, DC on June 5, 1865.

H Graem © 2008